North Yorkshire County Council

Scarborough and Whitby Area Constituency Committee

3 December 2021


Schools, Educational Achievement and Finance





Purpose of the Report


To inform Members of the local educational landscape, educational achievement and the financial challenges which affect schools in the Scarborough and Whitby constituency committee area.



2.0       Local educational landscape

2.1       There are now 14 primary academies and 5 secondary academies within the Scarborough and Whitby constituency area.  The academy conversion rate for primary schools is slightly higher within the constituency area when compared to the county as a whole (36.8% compared to 32.1% in North Yorkshire.) The academy conversion rate for secondary schools is higher (71.4% compared to 62.8% in North Yorkshire).


            Summary of schools’ status – November 2021


Schools in North Yorkshire

Schools in

Scarborough and Whitby ACC

Primary Maintained





Primary Academy & Free School










Secondary Maintained





Secondary Academy & UTC










Special Maintained





Special Academy










PRU Maintained





PRU Academy










Total maintained

Total Academy

Overall Total


















3.0       School standards


3.1       School Ofsted judgements


            In the constituency area 78.9 per cent of primary schools are judged good or outstanding by Ofsted, which is below the North Yorkshire and national averages. In terms of secondary schools, 57.1 per cent are judged good or outstanding, which is also lower than the North Yorkshire and national averages. There are 12 schools currently judged requires improvement or inadequate in the constituency area. 




3.2       Attainment overall


The Committee has previously (6 November 2020) considered a report which contained all of the key attainment data for 2017, 2018, and 2019.


Over the last 2 years, exams and assessments in schools have not taken place because of the disruption to students’ education caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.


In 2020, GCSEs, AS and A level exams, and those for some equivalent qualifications, faced widespread cancellation and were replaced with a grading process involving centre assessment followed by statistical standardisation. Ultimately, statistical standardisation was dropped in favour of teacher/ centre assessment, unless the adjusted grades were higher.


Summer 2021 assessments were awarded based on teacher or centre assessment and no statistical adjustment processes were used. Final results for many qualifications, including GCSEs and A Levels, were released to schools in August 2021. Review and appeal processes have been made available where students believe they received the wrong grades, but overall, final grades were significantly higher in both 2020 and 2021 than in 2019.


The Government intends for GCSEs, AS, A Level and equivalent assessments and exams to go ahead in England in summer 2022 and has consulted on assessment arrangements. It is proposing some changes to general, and vocational and technical qualifications (VTQs). Additionally, current plans would see school-level performance (league) tables reintroduced for the end of the GCSE phase (key stage 4) in 2022; school-level information is not being published during either 2020 or 2021. Further detail is expected about how the assessments will be graded in 2022 and beyond. Some concerns remain about whether these measures will go far enough to address inequalities, and whether schools, colleges, and students will have enough notice of the final arrangements.


In primary schools, national curriculum assessments due to be held in summer 2020 and summer 2021, including tests, teacher assessments and the phonics screening check, were also cancelled too. These statutory assessments are expected to resume in 2022 and we will also see the wider introduction of the Reception Baseline Assessment.


Due to the changes in exams and assessments, the DfE has not collected and released school data for comparative purposes and so there is nothing to report to this Committee until Autumn 2022 when the results of the summer 2022 cycle will have been published.


3.3       Not in education, employment or training


            There were 885 young people recorded in Year 11 in this constituency in May     2020 and of this cohort only 13 (1.47%) were not in education, employment or           training after leaving school as of August 2021.

4.0       Fixed-term and Permanent Exclusions

4.1      Fixed-term exclusion incidents

            Fixed term exclusions

Academic year

Scarborough & Whitby

North Yorkshire

Percentage of North Yorkshire total

Most common reason (Scarborough & Whitby)





Persistent or general disruptive behaviour (36.3%)





Persistent or general disruptive behaviour (48.1%)


In the 2020/21 academic year, there have been a total of 3257 fixed term exclusions for a total of 1462 individual children in North Yorkshire. 326 of these children were on roll of mainstream schools in Scarborough and Whitby constituency.

In the same period last year, there were 4189 fixed-term exclusions for a total of 1491 individual children, 348 of these children were on roll of mainstream schools in Scarborough and Whitby constituency.

The most common reason for a fixed-term exclusion in the constituency has consistently been ‘persistent disruptive behaviour’.

In 2019/20 schools in the constituency area had a 14.4% share of the schools population in North Yorkshire and 24.3% of fixed term exclusions for the county, this decreased to 21.8% in the 2020/21 academic year.

Fixed-term exclusions can be a useful sanction, but frequent use can place pressure on family and foster placements, impacts on achievement, and may lead to risky behaviour while the pupil is not in school during the day.


4.2      Permanent exclusions

Permanent exclusions

Academic year

Scarborough & Whitby

North Yorkshire

Percentage of North Yorkshire total










4.3       From September 2020 the transition of the Pupil Referral Service (PRS) to    provide preventative places to reduce the need for secondary exclusions has been introduced. Schools are able to request placements at the PRS as part of a joint education programme for children that are disengaging from mainstream school. The partnership approach between the PRS and school will ensure that children receive the necessary support without a permanent exclusion. Post implementation review of this practice was due to be carried out this year but has been delayed due to Covid 19 and will take place next year.

5.0      Special Education Needs and Disabilities



5.1       Targeted Mainstream Provision

The development of the new model of provision, Targeted Mainstream Provision (TMP) is intended to help the LA meet demand for full time education provision for children with SEND and who have an Education, Health and Care Plan. This model delivers provision for children and young people who are able to access mainstream education but with additional support for their special educational needs.

Over the 2020/21 academic year the first provisions were successfully opened and a number of schools were approved to operate TMPs.  East Whitby Primary school opened a Communication and Interaction targeted provision in January 2021 and has been successfully supporting a number of children and young people.  A primary SEMH targeted provision based at West Cliff Primary Academy has opened in November 2021 following a comprehensive capital works scheme on the site.

Work is continuing through 2021/22 to increase the amount of TMPs in areas which do not yet have host schools identified, to ensure that the LA has capacity to meet demand for this provision.

The ‘outreach’ offer for children and young people with SEND continues to be met by the SEND multi-disciplinary hubs made up of specialist staff employed directly by the Local Authority including specialist teachers, practitioners, educational psychologists and therapists.


5.2       SEN Statistics for Constituency Area


As of January 2021 there were 613 children living in the constituency with a North Yorkshire funded Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan, 17.3% of the North Yorkshire total. The most common needs for children with a North Yorkshire funded EHC plan living in the area are Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) at 26.9 % and Social, Emotional and Mental Health (SEMH) at 25.8%, and Moderate Learning Disabilities  (MLD) at 17.6%.


As of January 2021 school census there were 1490 children recorded as SEN Support from schools in this constituency, 16.0% of the North Yorkshire total. The most common needs for children receiving SEN support in the area are  Speech, Language and Communication at 22.6% and Specific Learning Difficulties (e.g. Dyslexia) at 20.9%.



6.0       Elective Home Education


            As of 31st August 2021 there were 904 children recorded as Electively Home Educated (EHE) in North Yorkshire, 163 of which were formerly from a mainstream school in Scarborough and Whitby ACC. At the same point last year, there were 688 children EHE in North Yorkshire, 104 formerly from a mainstream school in Scarborough and Whitby ACC.  This represents a 31% increase in North Yorkshire and a 57% increase in Scarborough and Whitby ACC.


Between 1st Sept 2020 to 31st August 2021, 483 children became EHE in North Yorkshire, 101 of which were formerly educated in a mainstream school in Scarborough and Whitby ACC. This figure was 46 from Scarborough and Whitby of 294 becoming EHE in North Yorkshire, in the same period last year.



7.0       School Finance

7.1       Schools in Financial Difficulty – the countywide position


As of March 2021 the overall position for North Yorkshire Schools was:

·         22 schools with accumulated deficits totalling £7.5M

·         This was an increase of £0.4M from 2019/20 (after adjusting for school closures, amalgamations and academy conversions in 2020/21)

·         Deficits range from £1k (special school) up to £1.6M (special school)

·         The average primary school deficit is £57k

·         The average secondary school deficit is £596k

·         3 schools out of the 22 have since converted to Academy status or closed since 31st March 2021

·         Of the 19 schools remaining, 9 schools are predicting that their position will deteriorate, 8 are projected to improve their financial position and 2 are projected to return to a surplus position as at 31st March 2022


7.2       School Projections - Based on May 2021/22 Start budgets

·         143 LA maintained schools (67%) are projecting an in-year deficit in 2021/22

·         6 schools are projected to move from a surplus balance to a deficit balance by March 2022

·         12% (26 schools) are forecast to be in deficit at 31st March 2022, this is projected to rise to just under one in five by March 23 and just under two out of five by March 24.















Number of Schools in Deficit







Value of Deficit







Proportion of schools in deficit








7.3       Funding


·         Concern around overall quantum of funding given cost pressures (e.g. future pay awards, the longer term impact of the Covid pandemic in terms of additional expenditure requirements and potential income losses).

·         North Yorkshire secondary schools are placed 138 out of 150 local authorities in terms of funding. On average, a school in North Yorkshire will receive £5,570 per pupil in 2021-22 compared to a national average of £5,935. Comparing the funding for a 1,500 pupil secondary school this equates to a difference in funding of £0.5m.

·         North Yorkshire primary schools are placed 35 out of 150 local authorities in terms of funding.  For primary schools, a North Yorkshire school will receive on average £4,715 per pupil compared to a national average of £4,611.

·         Concern over the impact of continued high needs financial pressures on school budgets.

·         North Yorkshire has a number of schools that, geographically, are vital in serving their local communities. Inadequate sparsity funding and general financial pressures for smaller, rural secondary schools, continues to be a significant concern.  DfE proposed changes to increase sparsity funding will come into effect for 2022/23 school funding, however the maximum sparsity funding increase for a small secondary school is £10k. NYCC continues to lobby the DfE and local MPs for higher levels of funding for the small, rural secondary schools within the LA.


 4 schools projecting to be in deficit by March 2022; 14% of schools in Scarborough and Whitby.
 1 nursery; 1 primary; 1 secondary; 1 special.
 Total projected value of deficits = £751k
 Projected average nursey deficit = £81k
 Projected average primary deficit = £15k
 Projected average secondary deficit = £536k
 Projected average special deficit = £119k
 7.4       Schools in Financial Difficulty – 2023/24
 14 schools projecting to be in deficit by March 2024; 50% of schools in Scarborough and Whitby.
 1 nursery; 9 primaries; 2 secondaries, 2 specials.
 Total projected value of deficits = £1.3M
 Projected nursery deficit = £134k
 Projected average primary deficit = £25k
 Projected average secondary deficit = £81k
 Projected average special deficit = £384k
 Scarborough and Whitby


8.0       Planning school places

8.1       School sustainability

The sustainability of schools is largely influenced by three key factors which are usually related to each other:

·         Falling pupil rolls

·         School standards

·         Financial difficulty

Where school closures have regrettably occurred in North Yorkshire these factors have been relevant. There have been six closures in the county over the last three years with one of these occurring in the constituency area.

8.2       Collaborative working

Collaborative working is two or more schools working together to the mutual benefit of their pupils with the overall aim of improving outcomes for all. This has the potential to broaden opportunities and contribute to efficiencies. There are now four federations in the Scarborough and Whitby area. In each of these federations there are two maintained schools with a single governing body and headteacher. In three cases the pairs of schools are small, rural schools with the same religious character and LA Officers worked with the Diocese of York to support the Governing Bodies of the Schools to come to the federation decision. The third federation is made up of Caedmon College Whitby and Eskdale School, the secondary schools which serve Whitby Town and its rural area. This federation is the result of closer working relationships towards the shared goal of continuing to increase the quality of provision for pupils in the Whitby area.

There are also a number of other arrangements operating across the constituency. Typically, these arrangements feature the shared headship but without the shared governance which would characterise federation. Local Authority officers regularly support discussions between school leaders and governors to consider where collaborative working opportunities are available.

8.3       Pupil rolls – current and future

            The County Council has a statutory duty to ensure sufficient school places are available for every child under the Education Act 1996. For this purpose, it groups schools together into planning areas in accordance with the requirements of the Education and Skills Funding Agency. Appendix 1 shows the planning areas together with:

·         Capacity in the planning area

·         Current numbers on roll

·         Projected future numbers

·         Projected impact of approved housing developments

8.4       The County Council is carefully monitoring pupil numbers across the constituency area. A large proportion of the constituency is rural and served by small schools located within villages. A falling birth-rate combined with changing demographics means that a number of small schools are facing financial challenges associated with low numbers on roll. In some areas larger schools also face financial difficulty as they experience lower numbers than they are historically structured to accommodate. This is particularly the case where numbers on roll are above a round form of entry e.g. 1 or 2 forms of entry (30 or 60 pupils), but are not high enough to easily afford the structure for the next form of entry.

8.5       Larger Villages with proposed or committed housing developments – There a number of villages where housing allocations have been made within the Scarborough Local Plan including East and West Ayton, Seamer and Burniston. The schools that serve these areas East Ayton Community Primary School, Seamer & Irton Community Primary School and Lindhead School respectively are operating near to capacity. Where possible within planning regulations, developer contributions have been sought to provide additional school places should the need arise.

8.6       Scarborough North and Central Primary areas - The North and Central areas cover all of the schools located within the urban area of Scarborough Town. These two areas have conflicting pressures with the schools in the North area having high numbers on roll at present and significant housing developments with planning permission, plus others allocated in the Local Plan going forward. The strategy to provide these places within the North has been to seek a site as part of the largest housing allocation and to provide a new school, should it be required, through developer contributions. Whereas in the Central Area the falling birth rate in the district has caused a fall in pupil numbers which is beginning to cause financial pressure in some of the schools which have previously operated at higher numbers on roll. This issue has been being monitored by the Local Authority for some years. Local Authority officers held a meeting with local primary Headteachers earlier this year and discussed the issues arising from this dichotomy. One of the key concerns has been that providing additional places to meet new demand for places in the North of Scarborough too early could further destabilise schools in central Scarborough. As present no site has been secured to deliver a further school in the North of Scarborough should it be required, however the Local Authority has secured S106 contributions towards this provision and will continue to do so where possible.

8.7       Scarborough South Area (Eastfield and Cayton) – The Scarborough South Area is the main area of proposed housing growth for Scarborough Borough Council (SBC). Significant housing developments are underway at Middle Deepdale (Eastfield) and sites are allocated in the Local Plan for North of Middle Deepdale and also in the ‘South Cayton Strategic Area’. The latter two developments are not included in the figures appended as they do not yet have planning permission but are projected to require significant educational provision. Some of this need could be met at local schools but there is likely to be a need for additional schools within the area. The LA is working with SBC to ensure that, where appropriate, developer contributions are secured.

8.8       Overdale C.P. School

            For the developments that are on site with planning permission to the North of Eastfield the LA was not able to secure S106 contributions due to existing capacity in the school system at that point. However, the developers of these sites and SBC were keen to provide funding towards a new school site appropriately located to link the existing and new housing developments within Eastfield. To this end the LA have been working with local stakeholders to relocate Overdale Community Primary School to a new site with enough capacity to accommodate the pupils from the current areas with planning permission at Middle Deepdale. This project started on site in June 2020 and the new site was successfully opened in September 2021. Unfortunately due to the challenges associated with the pandemic there has not yet been a formal opening ceremony for the school. The school are hoping to organise a celebration in the new year. This newly expanded school will accommodate the emerging demand from the housing developments within the school’s catchment area. The Local Authority is in discussion with both SBC and developers about any provision required to meet additional demand in the longer term.

8.9       Scarborough Secondary Area – The appended figures illustrate that across the Scarborough Secondary Planning Area there is forecast to be a relatively significant surplus of places by 2024/25. However, beyond this the surplus will be reduced if the allocated housing sites in the Local Plan achieve planning permission and are built out. Further projections of this scenario indicate that additional secondary accommodation may need to be provided at George Pindar School to meet the developments within their catchment area. Although it should be noted that there is a current surplus at the school and this is projected to continue unless a large proportion of the proposed housing comes forward. During 2019/2020 academic year the Hope Learning Trust who are the Multi Academy Trust which operate Graham School and George Pindar School consulted upon a reduction of their Planned Admission Number which would have the effect of reducing the Net Capacity of both schools from September 2021. The proposed level of reduction was lowered following concerns raised by LA Officers around ensuring that sufficient capacity was retained across the system, and agreement was also reached to hold annual reviews of sufficiency of places across the area. 

8.10    Whitby Town Area – As demonstrated in the appended figures, there is significant surplus capacity within both the Primary and Secondary sector. The reorganisation of the secondary schools into a federation of two 11-16 institutions located on separate sites, with a shared Sixth Form Unit located on a third site has been implemented. In April 2021, following consultation, the Local Authority closed St Hilda’s Roman Catholic Primary School in Whitby. This has resulted in small reduction in the Primary capacity within Whitby but, as shown below, there is still a significant surplus across the planning area.

8.11    Rural Primary Schools- The rural areas of the constituency are characterised by small primary schools serving villages as well as, in some cases, very extensive sparsely populated catchment areas. The geography combined with low pupil numbers lead to financial and organisational challenges for some schools. Across the constituency area the schools have worked innovatively to mitigate these challenges including forming local federations and Multi-Academy Trusts. The fluctuation of pupil numbers exacerbates the already challenging nature of school funding for smaller schools.


9.0      Recommendation


9.1       That Members note the report on educational factors in the Scarborough and Whitby constituency area.


Authors: Amanda Newbold (Assistant Director – Education and Skills), Howard Emmett (Assistant Director – Strategic Resources), Jane Le-Sage (Assistant Director – Inclusion), Andrew Dixon (Strategic Planning Manager)


Appendix 1 - School Place Planning data



Planning Areas and forecast surplus/shortfall school places



School planning area

Places available as at 2020/ 2021

Number on Roll 2016/ 2017

Number on roll 2020/ 2021

Surplus Capacity 2020/ 2021

Forecast pupils as at 2025/2026

Pupils from current housing permissions until 2025/2026

Surplus capacity 2025/26

Scarborough Central Primary Area

Barrowcliff Primary    Gladstone Road Primary

Friarage CP  

St Martin’s CE CA Primary

Thomas Hinderwell Academy Primary  Wheatcroft CP









Scarborough Primary North

Newby & Scalby Primary

Northstead CP

St Peter’s RC Primary









Scarborough Primary Outer Area

Brompton & Sawdon CP

East Ayton CP

Hackness CE VC Primary

Lindhead School

Seamer & Irton CP Snainton CE Primary Wykeham CE Primary









Scarborough Primary South

Cayton CP

Braeburn Primary & Nursery

Overdale CP

St George’s RC Primary












































School planning area

Places available as at 2020/ 2021

Number on Roll 2016/ 2017

Number on roll 2020/ 2021

Surplus Capacity 2020/ 2021

Forecast pupils as at 2025/2026

Pupils from current housing permissions until 2025/2026

Surplus capacity 2025/26

Whitby Primary Outer Area

Castleton CP

Danby CE

Egton CE VA

Fylingdales CE

Glaisdale Primary

Goathland Primary

Hawsker cum Stainsacre CE VC

Lealholm Primary

Lythe CE VC Primary

Oakridge CP

Sleights CE

St Hedda’s RC Primary

Staithes, Seton CP










Whitby Primary Area

Ruswarp CE Primary

West Cliff Primary

Whitby, Airy Hill Primary

Whitby, East Whitby Primary

Stakesby CP




















Scarborough Secondary

George Pindar School

Graham School

Scalby School

St Augustine’s RC School

Scarborough UTC









Whitby Secondary

Caedmon College Whitby

Eskdale School













·         Figures above take into account outstanding housing permissions, but not undetermined planning applications or draft Local Plan proposals.